Expedition Reserve Tambopata – Sandoval Lake 4days .
Expedition Reserve – Tambopata – Sandoval Lake 4days: Tambopata in Madre de Dios, a Department in southeastern Peru. In terms of biodiversity, the forests of Madre de Dios are the richest in the world. Tambopata Reserved Zone is a very small area (5,500 hectares) within this forest. Research over the last 16 years in the been shown to contain more species of birds (587), butterflies (1230) and many others find anywhere else on Earth size groups of animals. We found more than 150 types of trees in an area of 100 “square meters”. Mother of God encompasses one of the world centers of plant diversity identified .
With results like these, it is understandable that the capital of the Department of Puerto Maldonado is known as “the biological capital of the world”. In 1990, the Ministry of Agriculture in Lima stated that an area of 1,479,000 hectares, including existing Tambopata Reserved Zone, would become protected, as the Tambopata-Candamo area. This area, which also adjoins the Rio Heath National Sanctuary, is only slightly smaller than the Manu National Park and about the size of East Anglia in the UK. -The Area has been designated in recognition of their populations undisturbed wildlife, and numerous functions of great cultural and scientific importance.
SHORT DESCRIPTIONS OF THE EXPEDITION RESSERVE – TAMBOPATA AREA
Potentially, much of the new Reserved Area contains a similar diversity of species to the TRZ. However, the Tambopata Candamo Reserved Zone extends up into the Andes to the south and contains a whole new range of habitats and species. It is hoped that in the longer term the area will be declared a National Park and ideally an International Biosphere Reserve, this should increase the degree of protection given to the lira, safeguarding its unique range of fauna and flora.
Expedition Reserve Tambopata – Sandoval Lake
- Length: 4 Days/3 Nights
- Type of service: Private or Group
- Location:Southern Peru, Madre de Dios Department, Puerto Maldonado, Tambopata National Reserve
- Activities: Expeditions Reserve ,Chuncho Macaw Lick,night walking, piranha fishing,
- Altitude: 183 – 250 m.a.s.l.
- Best time to visit: Every Day
- Departure: Every day
- Minimum of participants :2
- Maximum of participants: 10
- Price per person: USD
Quick Itinerary of the Expedition Reserve
Expeditions Tambopata Day 1: Puerto Maldonado to Tambopata Reserve Center .
Reception at the airport and transfer to our office in the city of Puerto Maldonado where you leave your luggage will only take what is necessary for the tour to the jungle. Then we will take our private mobility 4×4 Approximately 2 hours of travel first by the interoceanic road and then by a little traffic gauge to reach the’Puerto del Tambopata River ‘where our motor boat awaits us to continue the trip by the Tambopata River approximately 40 minutes where We will have the opportunity to see many species such as capybaras, white alligators, then we will arrive at our Hostel we will have a refreshment of welcome and a brief description of all our services during your stay with us .. We will offer your respective room. After lunch a brief rest to continue with a walk inside the primary forest to know different species of Medicinal Plants, Giant Trees, Orchids, Ferns and the activity of gathering chestnuts or Brazil nuts, Insects, Monkeys, Birds and other mammals In its natural habitat then we will return to our shelter for dinner .After dinner we will have a nocturnal activity to go to observe caimans, capybaras and perhaps some feline that this near the river at night wanting to hunt something . Return to our lodge rest in their respective rooms .
Expeditions Tambopata Day 2: Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho – Piranhas Puerto Maldonado .
Today we wake up very early 5:00 am, then we will take a hot drink from there we will embark in our boat for 1 hour 30 minutes to continue our journey through the door of the control of the reserve of the Tambopata where we will enjoy all the sunrise and watching different Such as shore birds, capybaras, white alligators, and why not mention … A jaguar or anaconda having the opportunity of 50% chance of seeing then we will arrive at our destination the clay is formed by large walls of clay Shore of the Tambopata River clay that every morning come hundreds of parrots of different colors like red, green and yellow macaws with a radiant sun flying and making loud noises, will be show sear an unforgettable experience this behavior of these birds. We will explain the reason why every day all year around these birds go to the cliff to eat clay that contains enough sodium and calcium so they have a good digestiones. After tour we will take our breakfast in front of the activity of the Guacamayos. At the end of this activity we will return to board our river boat under the Tambopata passing the checkpoint. We will arrive at our hostel to get ready for our next trip to the city of Puerto Maldonado (Lago Sandoval Reserve). Our offices to follow the trip to Lake Sandoval from there we will transfer to the Port of Capitanía where we will board the motor boat that will take us a navigation of 35 minutes on the Madre de Dios River to arrive at the checkpoint National Tambopata Reserve to register. Here we will take an exciting 40-minute walk or a narrow channel surrounded by forest, which leads to the open waters of Lake Sandoval, allowing us to see an excellent scenic beauty between the water and the tidal palm trees, and learn about the Forest We can hear strange noises from other animals that surprise us with their presence as we cross the lake. On arrival at Our Hostel Maloka which is located on the lake shore then we will settle in our Private rooms in the evening we will make a night walk
Expeditions Tambopata Day 3: Sandoval Lake Macaw Palm Tree –Giant River Otters:
Today, we wake up very early to go to the surroundings of the Sandoval Lake where huge number of various palms grow in its water creating an area of marsh.
This place is called .Palm Tree Clay Lick (Collpa de Palmeras) and it attracts various macaw species and other parrots to eat sawdust of its palms as it contains sodium, calcium, potassium and other minerals helping them to digest. Then, we go back to the lodge to be given breakfast. Later, we take a next trip going to observe stunning flora and fauna of the Sandoval Lake Reserve.
We can appreciate monkeys, deer, wild boars, tapirs or spectacled bears, just to name a few. For lunch, we get back to the lodge. Afterwards, we have given some time off to rest or enjoy a bath in the Sandoval Lake (no worries, there are no piranhas or other danger animals during the day). Then, we board a canoe to cross the lake to a place where we can better appreciate a beautiful sunset above the lake! At 7 pm, we return to the lodge for dinner while waiting for the moonlight, a suitable time to go watching caimans again! An overnight is in the Maloka lodge.
Day 4: Sandoval Lake Back to Puerto Maldonado – Airport :
After breakfast, we first board a canoe to sail over the Sandoval Lake to later walk back to the checkpoint and from there, we continue sailing the Madre de Dios River by a motorboat towards Puerto Maldonado.
We pick our baggage up in our office and then, we are transferred either to the airport or the coach terminal.
Included in the Expedition Tambopata to Sandoval Lake :
- A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
- Motorboat transportation to sandoval lake;
- Transfer transportation to the airport.
- Rooms with private bathroom 1 Nights in Tambopata Lodge Inn /2 night Sandoval Lake Maloka
- First-aid kit.
- Entrance fee to the Tambopata Reserve ,Sandoval Lake Reserve;
- Meals: 3 Breakfast, 3 Lunch, 3 Dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost!);
- Rubber boots for sandoval lake.
Not Included in the Expeditions Tambopata to Sandoval Lake:
- Any flight nor airport departure taxes;.
- Airplane or bus tickets.
- Travel insurance;
- Vaccination for jungle trips;
- Breakfast on the first day and Lunch on the last day;
- Alcoholic Drinks;
- Tips to local staff.
What do you need Bring to Expedition Tambopata .
- Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM!!),
- Original passport .
- Small backpack,
- Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured),
- Long cotton trousers,
- Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers),
- Comfortable walking shoes,
- Sandals or light shoes,
- Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho),
- Binoculars (we also rent it),
- Camera and its charger,
- Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera,
- A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain,
- Small towel,
- Toilet paper,
- Antibacterial gel,
- Sun cream,
- Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries),
- A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum),
- Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.
EXPEDITION RESERVE METHODS
Clay lick use data was collected from February 2000 to November 2002. Observers arrived before sunrise and recorded the number of birds on the lick every 5 minutes. On 606 mornings the observers remained until the early morning rush of activity ended (7:00– 7:30 AM), while on 280 days the observers remained until the late afternoon (4:30 PM or later).
Additional data from 2003 have been collected and are currently being processed. Over 1000 bird censuses were conducted in the afternoons from January – December 2003 in the areas surrounding TRC. Censuses lasted 10 minutes each and were conducted at 20 different points in the forest. They were conducted in the afternoon at the time of minimum lick use so that birds moving to and from the clay lick would not unduly influence the counts of birds in the forest. Scarlet macaw nests and chick growth were monitored in the forests around Expedition reserve – Research Center from November 1999 to March 2003.
In total 26 nests were monitored and 24 chicks weighed and measured from hatching to fledging.
Crop samples were taken from Scarlet Macaw chicks from December 2003 – February 2004 following the protocol outlined by (Enkerlin-Hoeflich et al. 1999). A total of 29 samples were taken from chicks ranging in age from 20 to 80 days. Results and Discussion and I recorded 16 species of parrots, two guans and three pigeons on the clay lick during data collection, including: Green-winged, Scarlet, Blue and gold, Severe, Red-bellied and Blue-headed Macaws; Mealy, Yellow-crowned, Orange-cheeked (Barraband’s) Parrots; Blue-headed Pionus; White-bellied Caique; White-eyed and Dusky Conures; Amazonian and Dusky-billed Parrotlet; and Cobalt-winged Parakeet.
This includes ALL the common parrot species at the site. On some days over 1,300 parrots were seen arriving at in the area of the lick. In total we logged over 300,000 records of parrots using the lick making this one of the world’s largest data sets on wild parrots. Lick use showed two marked seasons: a high season from August through January and a low season from February through July. These seasons did not match up with the changes from wet season to dry season. Instead I found that the birds’ lick use closely paralleled the abundance of birds in the forest recorded during the afternoon parrot censuses. In fact it looks like low lick use season may be due in part to the fact that many of the parrots “migrate” away from the area.
The reason why the birds leave is unknown, but data from nearby Manu National Park suggest that the period of low lick use and parrot migration away from the area corresponds with a period of very low fruit availability (Terborgh 1983). This suggests that the birds may be leaving the area due to a general lack of food. To date I do not know where the parrots go upon departure.The high season of lick use is apparently due to a mixture of factors. The birds return to the area probably due to an increase in the food supply or in anticipation of breeding or both. However there are marked differences among species in their peak month of lick use: Blue-headed Pionus (Pionus menstruus) peak in July while the three large macaws peak in January. Ten of the twelve species for which we have breeding data show their strongest peak in lick use during the breeding season. This suggests that some physiological need during the breeding season is driving the birds to increase their consumption of soil. I have two hypotheses for the association between lick use and breeding that I will discuss here:
1. Clay lick use increases during breeding because females need additional calcium to make the eggs.
2. Clay lick use increased during breeding because the adults need to feed clay to the chicks.The data on the timing of breeding and clay lick use by Scarlet Macaws shows that the peak in lick use does not occur in November at the time of egg laying, thus making it unlikely that the birds are using the lick as a source of calcium. Instead lick use spikes in .December just as the chicks hatch. However, lick use drops in February about one month before the majority of the chicks fledge. This suggests that the annual peak lick use by ,Scarlet Macaws is due in part to the parents’ need to feed clay to young chicks. This finding is corroborated by the food samples taken from the crops of chicks: chicks from 20 to 30 days old had soil in seven of eight samples collected while only one of eight samples collected from chicks over 50 days contained soil.
The reason why chicks need more soil during the first few weeks of life is unclear, but may be due to nutrient needs or low resistance to toxicity. Chick growth data collected from Tambopata show that chicks grow very quickly when young and that their weight reaches that of adults (about 900 grams) by approximately 50 days of age. This suggests that the greatest nutritional needs of the chick are during these first 50 days. At all ages the parents are feeding the chicks a mix of seeds that probably contain reasonable quantities of toxins. While adult macaws and parrots have a very high resistance to toxins (as much as 50 times higher than adult humans for quinine, (Gilardi et al. 1999), the young chicks may have very low resistance to toxins. If chicks develop their natural resistance to toxins with age, this too could produce a pattern of lick use similar to that found here. The resolution of this dilemma awaits further detailed studies.
In summary, clay lick use in southeastern Peru is highly seasonal. Most species show simultaneous annual lows in lick use during the end of the wet season and beginning of the dry season (April – June). At this time the birds apparently leave the area possibly in response to low food supplies in the area. Annual highs in lick use occur between July and February and differ among species. The peaks in lick use for most species studied coincide with breeding. In particular it seems that adults are feeding clay to their young chicks during the period of maximum growth and perhaps lowest resistance to natural toxins found in their diet.
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