BAHUAJA – SONENE (TAMBOPATA): One of the conservation objectives of the Tambopata National Reserve is the protection of flora, fauna and ecological processes of the southern Amazon rainforest, generating processes of conservation with local people for sustainable use of resources such as chestnut trees and the landscape for recreation.
Under this premise, an activity that has been gaining importance in the Reserve is tourism, which uses the landscape as the main attraction. Tourism in Tambopata begins in the late 70s with the installation of the first ecotourism lodges in the reserve and is expanding into the buffer zone. The gradual increase of visitors and investments in tourist infrastructure and services in the reserve has created this Natural Protected Area will be consolidated as one of the main destinations of the country nature.
Recognition as a tourist destination Tambopata national generates the responsibility to provide the necessary conditions so that the visitor experience is consistent with the uniqueness of the natural attractions, which seen in the reserve.
The Chief of the Tambopata National Reserve as part of the National Service of Protected Natural Areas by the State (SERNANP), is committed to promote tourism that contributes to the conservation of natural resources. in this regard and considering the Master Plan of the Reserve is required to have a comprehensive vision that serve to guide the consolidation north Tambopata as an ecotourism destination and competitive internationally. For it is essential establish criteria for planning, management and strategies that enable the development of tourism as an effective means to meet the objectives of creating the reserve.
The Tourism Plan Using the SERNANP presented on this occasion, is the planning tool that will help establish the criteria for sustainable tourism development. This document aims to strengthen management and guide the management of tourism that takes place in the Tambopata National Reserve.
In addition, this Plan is the result of a participatory process of all stakeholders in the development of sustainable tourism in the Reserve. The interest and active participation of stakeholders reflect the urgent need to join forces and contribute to its implementation during its term. With the consolidation of destination Tambopata competitive and sustainable nature, SERNANP supports tourism development in the region of Madre de Dios as “capital of biodiversity” in Peru.
Tourist of the Tambopata National Reserve Profile:
Age: 47% of the tourists who visited the sector Tambopata tours and 46% who visited the lake Sandoval, are in the age range between 20 and 39 years (Youth – Adult). The next set of importance is that between 40 and 59 years (adult), with 32% to 35% Tambopata tours to Lake Sandoval. In addition, 14% are elderly tourists, especially in the area of Sandoval Lake Reserve. 2,003 year figures show the same composition as in 2006, but compared to the tourist who visited Tambopata tours Profile candamo the year 1,998 there are differences: the range of 20 to 40 years was higher, 59% (2,006 was 46%) this indicates a shift. Now more adult tourists (- 40 Years 20 range) are received.
Gender: 53% of tourists in the lake Sandoval and 55% in La Torre, are women. Notably carrying tourists free guides have different composition:
Tambopata tours to only 36% were women and 48% Sandoval Lake. 1.998 Regarding the trend has changed, in that year, women accounted for 41%, while 2,006 are approximately 54% of the total.
Tourist circuits in the Tambopata National Reserve:
The most popular and included in the main circuit into the ZA RNTAMB and its tourist attractions are:
- lake Sandoval
- lake Cocococha
- Convicted Sachavacayoc Lake and Lake II
- I Condemned Lake
- Macaw clay lick and Colorado Chuncho
The use of certain tourist attractions within RNTAMB depend on the mode of operation and proximity to the central facilities of tourist lodges. Those more distant attractions increase operating costs of the companies if they have facilities nearby base, so it will be less crowded and offered. For circuits which are described below, visitors can choose to take ground transportation from Puerto Maldonado to Puerto Hell (owned by the native community Hell). This trip takes 45 minutes, there is continued by boat to each of the chosen points of the route chosen
RIVER DOWNSTREAM OF MOTHER OF GOD:
Puerto Maldonado – Lago Sandoval: The journey to reach Lake Sandoval is river for 25 minutes (with outboard), reaching the checkpoint and Surveillance Sandoval. A walk of 50 minutes is then performed to arrive at the “pipe” that connects to the water surface of Lake Sandoval. In Lake visits are restricted to those items identified as areas of refuge wildlife. as tourism services in Lake, local people provide transportation services for the touring canoes Sandoval Lake.
Puerto Maldonado – Concessions Castañeras: The inclusion of castañales in tourist circuits RNTAMB requires specific regulation, the rights that the State has granted these areas previously. However, we have identified the potential of chestnut areas like existential type attraction for communities.
Lower reaches of the river Tambopata:
Puerto Maldonado – Lake Cocococha:
This lake of 60 ha, is located 3 hours from the city of Puerto Maldonado, Tambopata river surfing (with outboard) and after a walk of 75 minutes. Here there is a cache of bird watching and river otters.
Cocococha Lake is a destination located in the Reserve and part of the formal itinerary very few tour operators.
Puerto Maldonado – Lake Sachavacayoc – Condemned Lake I and II:
To reach these lakes a trip up the Tambopata River for 3 hours and 40 minutes (with outboard) is performed. Previously, the visitor is logged in the checkpoint and Surveillance Tower, from where walks are held approximately 80-90 minutes to get to the lakes. During this walk the boundary of the Reserve is crossed, and the lakes are located within the Protected Area. Lake Sachavacayoc part of the formal itinerary of some tour operators.
High Tambopata River Basin:
Puerto Maldonado – Lick Chuncho:
After a trip up the Tambopata River for 4 hours and 20 minutes (with outboard) and the checkpoint is passed Surveillance Tower. Before arriving at the lick, established camps are located along the river, where visitors can overnight and appreciate birds during the morning (5:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m.).
The sighting of this species is from sites strategically camouflaged avoiding collpeo disrupt activity. Puerto Maldonado – Colorado clay lick: This clay lick is considered to be one of the largest in South America.
It is located 7 hours river trip (with outboard), 67 Km from the city of Puerto Maldonado.
Faced with this lick some camps are located for the night and make life easier sighting in the early morning hours (5-9 am). Al
As in Chuncho lick strategic sites are properly camouflaged.
Under the attractions and tours that are currently used in RNTAMB, Table 18 was prepared to show the type of tourism infrastructure in these places. A highlight point in the area of infrastructure and tourist services is the availability of toilets, currently only found in checkpoints and surveillance. This does not supply the growing demand of visitors transiting in the circuits identified.
That is why it is necessary to implement these services around major tourist attractions (lakes and clay licks), considering the provided environmental assessment and mitigation of impacts that can be generated on site