Amazon Travel of Videos – Sandoval Reserve: Tambopata Tours is located in Peru Tambopata National Reserve, our Sandoval Lake Reserve has a nice view as Amazonian palm-rimmed Sandoval Lake, the most beautiful and wildlife-rich of all lakes in Tambopata Tours. It has a privileged location gives you exclusive access to the lake in the morning and early afternoon hours is your choice to watch the wildlife and take pictures of the Amazon.
Megantoni Reserved Zone in the Lago Sandoval Reserve:
Long before entering the Reserved forests Megantoni (ZRM) Zone, located on the eastern slopes of the Andes, we knew that our rapid inventory would focus on some of the most diverse biological communities on the planet. The Andes are home to about 15% of the world’s diversity of plants and almost 20% of terrestrial vertebrates (about 3,200 species). These mountain ranges are known not only for its wealth of species, but also by its peculiar and undescribed taxa. At least half of the flora and fauna of the Andes is considered endemic, meaning that exists nowhere else on the planet.
Megantoni fits perfectly into the patterns of Andean biodiversity. During our quick inventory of its forests, between the months of April and May 2004, cataloged nearly 2,000 species, many of them endemic to the region, some endangered or vulnerable in other parts of its range, and between 50-80 species new to science. Herpetologists found seven new species of frogs, endemic fish ichthyologists found clinging to rocks in the turbulent existing streams, entomologists discovered at least 30 new species of beetles and botanists cataloged about 1,400 species of plants, including a 400 species of orchids and ferns. Some threatened in other parts of South American animals, including spectacled bears, tapirs and jaguars, walk freely in the area. Game species of birds, such as turkeys and partridge, are surprisingly abundant.
In the next section, we count the main results of our rapid inventory within the ZRM. We emphasize the new species discovered in Megantoni and for known species, we present the extension ranges recorded during the inventory. Describe our results obtained in the three inventory sites, starting from the lowest to the highest place, integrating information from all organisms sampled. Finally, we present the intrinsic values of the region, and the threats to its biological and cultural riches.
The Megantoni area in the Peruvian jungle is still unknown to scientists when visiting Peru in the Peruvian jungle. During its investigations found numerous coarse many of which are expected to find there. However, some of our findings were totally unexpected. For 100 plant species recorded, two were probably new to science, dung beetles per 10, from 1 to 4 are new, 10 fish, 1 or 2 are probably new; of 10 or 10 reptiles amphibians, probably 2 are new. For an inventory of only 15 days, the numbers are staggering and are indicators of species richness in forests Megantoni.
Many of the 22 fish species recorded during the survey are endemic to Megantoni. Particularly, some species in the families and Trichomycteridae Astroblepidae have almost certainly suffered some type of speciation within isolated basins Megantoni. At least 3 of the species collected are new to science, including Cetopsis sp., Chaetostoma sp. B, and Astroblepus sp. C. Many species within the family are also potentially Trichomycteridae new.
We found 51 species of amphibians and reptiles. Slightly more than 20% are new to science: seven frogs, 4 lizards and a snake. New species of amphibians include a Osteocepbalus a Phrynopus at least a new species of Eleutherodactylus a Centrolene a Colostethus a Gastrotheca, and Syncope. A new species of snake (Taeniophallus) in mid-elevation slopes and 4 new species of lizards (Alopoglossus, Euspondylus, Neusticurus and Proctoporus) which lived in the isolated plateaus within the heart of Megantoni was also discovered.
RANGE EXTENSION OF THE RESERVE AREA MEGANTONI LAKE SANDOVAL:
Our inventory Megantoni recorded some of the previously known species in other areas more than 500 km away as well as some species found at elevations much higher or lower than previously recorded. Other groups are so little known to the rest of the region (eg beetles, fish) a more intensive data collection would needed before drawing conclusions about endemism or range extensions.
For plants, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, we can compare some of our findings in Megantoni with other parts of Peru or South America. As we continue to examine our collections and published reports on research to other areas of Peru and elsewhere in South America, we hope to uncover more geographical and altitudinal ranges of extensions within biological communities Megantoni.
Plants Reserve sandoval lake:
In the case of plants, collections made in Megantoni extend the known ranges of some species hundreds of kilometers further south. In our camp low elevation Kapiromashi, checked Wercklea ferox (Malvaceae) for the first time in southern Peru. In both camps higher elevation, we found Geroxylon parvifrons (Arecaceae), Tapeinostemon zamoranum (Gentianaceae), anomalous Sarcopera (Marcgraviaceae) Macleania floribunda (Ericaceae), condylata Miconia (Melastomataceae) and Peltastes peruvianus (Apocynaceae), all previously known only in the northern part of Peru.
Our collection of Heliconia robusta (Heliconiaceae) fills a large gap in the distributional range. Known mostly in Bolivia, has been collected very few times in Peru, and in places further north Megantoni. This Heliconia, with green and red triangular bracts and yellow flowers, dominates over the naturally disturbed forest located near Kapiromashi.
Amphibians and reptiles in the reserve of lake sandoval:
Our inventory increased geographic distributions and elevation, known for many species and even for some genres. In Megantoni we had the distribution record further south to Peru Syncope, and the lowest elevation recorded for Pbrynopus and Telmatobius. Also recorded an apparently undescribed species of the genus Neusticurus previously registered for Santa Rosa (-800 m), in the basin of Inambari, Puno department, about 230 km southeast of Megantoni.
In Kapiromashi find Epipedobates verger, a rare poison frog restricted to the areas of the Purus River in Brazil. Manu National Park, and the rivers Urubamba Valley. This record extends its range to 800 m altitude. compared with the previous record of 350 m in the Manu. During the sampling at the accumulated litter on the floor, we discovered a small Pbrynopus cf. bagrecito, ‘known in the higher elevations in Manu but never found such low elevations (-2.200 m).
birds in lake sandoval:
Bird species are located outside your known altitude range in each of our sites inventory. Our records Megantoni distribution limits extend further south for some species and further north to another. Three birds deserve special mention: Piha Alcimitarra (Lipaugus uropygialis), the Selva Cacique (Cacicus koepckeae) and Black Partridge (Tinamus osgoodi). These three species are remarkably abundant in various parts of Megantoni and very rare in the global arena. Our records increase our knowledge of distribution for these birds so rare.
Our record of Piha Alcimitarra is second to Peru, previously recorded only in the Open Marancunca in the department of Puno. From Puno, the species was extended eastward along the Bolivian Yungas moist to Cochabamba (Bryce et al., Forthcoming). Our record is an extension in range extension of more than 500 km to the northwest and suggests that the species may exist in the mountain slopes of the departments of Cusco and Puno, as well as within the Manu National Park.
In Kapiromashi checked the Selva Cacique an undescribed species for Balta, department of Ucayali, by Lowery and O’Neill in 1965, and almost unknown until rediscovered conducted by Gerhart near Timpía (Schulenberg et al 2000;. Gerhart, edited ). Ours is one of the many observations and makes up more lift record for this species.