About to Tambopta Reserve Center is Amazon is the first destination for nature tourism, managed by effective and participatory manner by applying environmental standards, providing quality services, promoting the orderly use of territory, generating environmental and tourism awareness, valuing the environmental services area, reinvesting resources generated by economic activity and minimizing negative impacts. The tourism industry contributes substantially the conservation of the Reserve and the sustainable development of the local population and drive economic growth in the region and Peru.
Achieving the vision requires a comprehensive and systematic process of joint working with other sectors involved in tourism. Recognition of this key factor, allowed the development of the Map of Stars in the context of the Reserve and Buffer Zone.
STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS OF RESERVE TAMBOPATA:
The construction of this instrument is made from the perspective of the administration of the Tambopata Reserve, achieving identify sectors and institutions that have direct or indirect influence on tourism development in the area. This analysis allows to define the level of participation of stakeholders at each stage of the process, and to improve coordination mechanisms, relationships and mutual trust. The table below shows a representation of internal actors and outside of the Tambopata National Reserve. Analysis of involvement: In the following table the involvement and roles of each of the actors involved, directly and indirectly, in the management of conservation and tourism in the Tambopata Reserve is defined.
GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM TAMBOPATA:
Within the model of sustainable tourism development that seeks to advance in the Reserve, the guidelines fulfill the role of tour guide operation and decision making of public and private actors involved in the activity, during the five years of the Plan .
This set of guidelines defined and intentionally advance the criteria to be followed by those involved in the tourism operation. This way, you can ensure the sustainable use of land and resources of the Tambopata National Reserve.
Tourism in the Tambopata National Reserve should:
- Performed according to the conservation objectives of the reserve, minimizing negative impacts on the environment and natural and cultural resources through appropriate decisions in tourism management.
- Be promoted, directed, controlled and regulated by the Head of Natural Protected Area and supported by the National Service of Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP).
- Operate under the planning and management instruments approved by the Chief of the RNTAMB and / or SERNANP (Protected Areas Act and Regulations, Regulation Tourism Use in Protected Natural Areas Master Plan, Plan Using Tourism, Tourism Use Regulation, Site Plans, Rules of Conduct and Single Text of Administrative Procedure). You must also meet specific national rules and procedures of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (MINCETUR) or the Regional Directorate of Foreign Trade and Tourism of Madre de Dios (DIRCETUR – MDD) and the respective municipalities.
- Develop responsible and sustainable manner, based on planning, coordination, management, regulation and monitoring.
- Reply to a model of non-mass development but specializing in keeping with the tourist vocation of the reservation and the fragility of its attractions, ecotourism priority mode.
- managed in an efficient, transparent and participatory manner with key stakeholders.
- Ensure that decision making at the Reserve rests on the best available knowledge and which is chaired by the precautionary principle. In case of doubt, the precautionary principle be adopted.
- Promote tourism operation only tourism company duly qualified as formalized and tourism service providers by DIRCETUR,
- ensuring visitors granting responsibility and quality services.
- Coordinate with the DIRCETUR-MDD for you to provide training for tour operators and achieve standardization in tourism services Madre de Dios.
- Performed under the procedures for granting rights under current legislation. These methods do not generate property rights on areas of operation, with the exception of, duly recognized and certified before the establishment of the Tambopata Reserve private or communal properties.
- Fund priority protected area management and effective contribution to the National System of Protected Natural Areas.
- Promote the active participation of the inhabitants and the local population in tourism services and activities which are linked to this sector.
- Contribute to the creation of jobs for local people, settled in the reserve and the buffer zone.
- Made in accordance to behavior protocols Visitor and tourist operation standards approved by the Head of Area.
- made diversifying, expanding, ordering and improving the current offer.
- Done under proper management (collection, treatment and disposal) of solid or liquid waste generated by tourism operations in the Reserve, promoting the reduction, reuse, recycling and use of biodegradable materials.
- Use of water resources responsibly in the tourism operation.
- Prevent the introduction of exotic species of flora and fauna to the Reserve.
- Promote environmental awareness among visitors to prevent removal of flora or fauna in the reserve.
Management and tourism management in the Tambopata National Reserve:
The administrative management of tourism in the reserve consists of the following levels and actors:
- Head of ANP: Its function is to authorize entry to the Tambopata National Reserve tours.
- Manager: Manage funding and raising income.
- Specialist Tourism: Issues technical judgment entry ANP coordinates together with stakeholders in tourism on the management and care within ANP.
- boletero: Responsible for record keeping and issuing entrance tickets for sightseeing within the Reserve, is in constant coordination with the Tourism Specialist, Administrator and Chief of the Reserve Tambopata tours.
- Ranger (Checkpoints): Located in a strategic position to control the entry of visitors to the RNTAMB.
- Tour Operator: Consisting of tourism enterprises (shelters) located in the Tambopata National Reserve and its buffer zone, which operate within it. The tourist operation requires authorization from the Chief for admission. These companies or tour operators gain entrance tickets for tourism and generate jobs in the area where the activity performed.
- Visitors: Local, national and foreigners who enter the Reserve for tourism activities.
- Collpas, lakes, flora, fauna: Is the resource or attraction that provides facilities for tourism that can be made upon compliance with the strategic plans and regulations.
On land use and fitness for tourism in the Tambopata Reserve, Sandoval Lake and Manu National Park:
Accommodation in the Forest:
- The location of structures and infrastructure in major tourist attractions are located at a distance not less than 2 Km. Shores of the nearest mirror or a body of water, in a straight line.
- The structures and infrastructures tourist base will adapt to the environment as possible, minimizing negative landscape alterations, both in form and in material and finish, trying to blend in and get lost in the visual basin local landscape.
- The details for the design and implementation of zones and / or sharing attractive, be defined in Amazonian Site Plans.
- It should be taken as an architectural model, the traditional or indigenous building style of the area, without neglecting the functionality, safety, quality and minimization negative impacts.
- The materials resulting from clean areas for tourism operations (such as weeds) that are not used are left in the forest to biodegradation in order to minimize impacts in the Peruvian jungle.
- The use of clean and environmentally friendly technologies for both the generation and use of energy, and for the treatment and disposal of solid and liquid waste is promoted.
- Promote, condition and implement a planned infrastructure, equipment and signage, to make feasible and facilitate the visit, ensuring personal safety and quality of the tourist experience, minimizing negative environmental or social impacts.
- Sizing and capacity must be installed for low impact tourism.
- Once the overnight, the tour operator outside the Reserve removed all waste generated in the camping areas.
- Allowed in the Reserve, prior approval of the Chief, structures for camping in camp areas designated for that purpose (with fixed platforms). They are intended for accommodation, lookouts, hideouts, restrooms, observation towers, piers and other services. The feasibility of this infrastructure must be expressed and technically proven.
- When camping operator complies with the standards established by the Tambopata National Reserve, according to the right has been granted under current regulations and the terms of reference as may be agreed in each case.
Concessions in the Jungle:
- The concession procedure follows the provisions of the Act and Regulation of Natural Protected Areas, Tourism Use Regulation on Protected Areas and the Single Text of Administrative Procedures.
- Grants are awarded on public domain sites and must be consistent with the zoning of protected natural area.
- those sites are not commonly used concesionan or constitute the only access to a main tourist attraction.
- Concessions for tourism operation in the ANP should have profiles and Ecotourism projects that support applications and explain the details of use and fitness of the territory, as stipulated terms of reference and approved in each case.
- responsible use, neat and formal land is encouraged, as well as the sustainable use of resources.
- the geographical spread of tourism in the reserve is favorable, and their benefits and beneficiaries.
- The Head will implement tourism signage within the ANP, as specified by the “Manual Signaling for Protected Natural Areas” prepared by the SERNANP (ex INRENA) and the “Manual of Tourist Signage Peru” prepared by MINCETUR, in sites for public use.
- In the licensed dealer sites is the responsibility of implementing the appropriate signage, as specified by the “Manual Signaling for Protected Areas “prepared by the SERNANP (ex INRENA) and the” Manual of Tourist Signage Peru “prepared by MINCETUR.
Relating to transportation and tourist movements in Tambopata, Sandoval lake, manu national park:
- The influx of tourists to the reserve is done with the right ticket for admission and the information that determines the Chief. The tour operator is responsible for the veracity of these requirements and to deliver them in the position of respective control.
- Tourist transport entering the Reserve meet the requirements specified by law for the transportation of passengers and tourists (DS-MINCETUR No. 032-2005 and No. 018-2005 DS-MTC).
- Travel by tourist groups are made only for the trails and attractive expressly authorized operator.
- Maintain a network in the reserve sufficient authorized, both sharing sites and trails concessions. Maintaining tourist trails is the responsibility of the dealer, if they are within their concession or business users, whether they are in public areas.
- The amount and type of vessels that each operator shall take the lakes, authorizes the Chief of Plans Book Site or through respective Directive. This can be modified in the preparation or updating Site Plans.
- The means of transport shall not cause profound disturbances in the environment (noise, air and water pollution, visual impact, etc.).
- Signals, tracing the paths and itineraries will guide visitors to the appropriate knowledge and understanding of the reserve areas, minimizing negative impacts. Tourism businesses and the guides leading the group of visitors are responsible for enforcing this guideline.
- It is essential to consider according to the number of users entering the Book, the impact generated by the increase in visitors.
Relating to the Conduct and Safety visitor tours Tambopata, Lake Sandoval and Manu National Park:
- Licensed tour operators are responsible for the safety of visitors and their belongings, as well as its proper behavior while in the Reserve.
- There are two levels to ensure visitor safety: preventive, establishing rules of conduct and recommendations; and other related emergencies, health and rescue, specifying specific actions or contingency plans in each case.
- Tour operators should at all times ensure that visitors are properly and sufficiently informed and protected, giving confidence in the media and professional positions available and warning of the likely risks involved in your visit.
- Profiles of ecotourism projects that support applications for tourism operation in private or public domain lands, have plan and specific measures to ensure the safety of visitors and their proper behavior (minimize negative impacts).
- The official tourist guides, included in the list of qualified personnel by companies that derive any right to operate within the ANP, are formally responsible tourists that the operator has assigned.
- Promote and support the design and implementation of a system of protection of tourists and other visitors to the Reserve.
- To provide a contingency plan to act effectively and articulately, in any natural disasters or major events.
For the provision of tourism services in Tambopata tours, Lake Sandoval, and Manu National Park:
- Training and ongoing training for staff of the Reserve, on issues related to Public Use – Tourism.
- Encourage and support the continuous improvement of the quality of tourism services and the sustainability of the operation within the Reserve.
- The official guides operating within the reserve, in addition to the accreditation of the DIRCETUR, must be registered with the Chief of the Natural Protected Area and assuming compliance with the respective guidelines and standards for tourism operation leading behavior.
- The reserve will encourage the release of naturalist guides, in consensus with DIRCETUR and Regional Government. The accreditation process is given by through a voluntary two months, within the ANP and will target students who graduate from the tourist rush.
- The Reserve by developing training, foster the accreditation in first aid, aimed at tourist guides and counselors.
- The Reserve training will facilitate the development of environmental interpretation, conservation of natural spaces, targeting tourist guides and counselors.